In Genesis chapter 2, after God created the heavens and the earth, there was no vegetation on the earth yet because there was no rain and no one to cultivate the land. So, God formed a man out of the dust of the ground and breathed life into him, making him a living being. God then placed the man in the Garden of Eden, a beautiful paradise filled with every kind of tree and plant.

In the Garden of Eden, God made every tree that was pleasant to the sight and good for food grow, including the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely eat from every tree in the garden, but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for on the day you eat from it, you will surely die.”

God saw that it was not good for the man to be alone, so He decided to create a suitable helper for him. God brought all the animals to the man, and the man named them, but none of them were a suitable helper for him. So, God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep, took one of his ribs, and formed a woman from it. When the man woke up, he saw the woman and said, “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.”

(i) Stewardship of creation
(ii) Companionship and relationship
(iii) Moral responsibility


In the Old Testament, the reconciliation of David and Abner occurred after a series of events. Abner was the commander of Saul’s army, and David was anointed by God to be the future king of Israel. After Saul’s death, David became the king of Judah, while Saul’s son, Ish-bosheth, became the king of Israel.

During this time, there was a conflict between David’s forces and Abner’s forces. However, Abner recognized that David was chosen by God to be the king of Israel and realized that it was time for reconciliation. Abner reached out to David, expressing his desire to bring all of Israel under David’s rule.

David welcomed Abner and agreed to reconcile with him. They made a covenant together, and David even held a feast for Abner and his men. However, their reconciliation was short-lived as Joab, David’s commander, had personal grievances against Abner and killed him.

(i) Power of forgiveness and reconciliation
(ii) Recognition of God’s Sovereignty and His plan for our lives
(iii) Extending grace and hospitality


Prophet Hosea’s marital experience is a unique and symbolic one, outlined in the book of Hosea in the Old Testament of the Bible. God used Hosea’s marriage as an allegory to convey a powerful message to the people of Israel.

Hosea was instructed by God to marry a woman named Gomer. Gomer, however, was unfaithful to Hosea, committing adultery and engaging in promiscuous behavior. Despite her unfaithfulness, Hosea remained faithful to Gomer, and at one point, she ended up in a situation of degradation and slavery. In obedience to God’s command, Hosea redeemed and reconciled with Gomer, demonstrating a remarkable picture of God’s enduring love and forgiveness.

(i) Unconditional Love and Forgiveness: Hosea’s unwavering commitment to Gomer, despite her repeated unfaithfulness, serves as a powerful symbol of God’s unconditional love for humanity. God’s love is not dependent on our faithfulness; even in our waywardness and sin, God continues to love and offers forgiveness to those who repent.

(ii) Redemption and Restoration: The act of Hosea redeeming Gomer from her degraded state mirrors God’s desire to redeem and restore humanity. Despite our shortcomings and the consequences of our actions, God seeks to bring us back into a relationship with Him, offering redemption and restoration through His love and grace.

(iii) Symbol of God’s Relationship with Israel: Hosea’s marriage was not just a personal experience but a symbolic representation of God’s relationship with the people of Israel. The unfaithfulness of Gomer symbolized the spiritual unfaithfulness of Israel, while Hosea’s actions represented God’s relentless pursuit of His people, even in the face of their disobedience.


In the Bible, Matthew was a tax collector, a profession that was often despised by the Jewish community because tax collectors were seen as collaborators with the Romans and were known for their dishonest practices. One day, Jesus saw Matthew sitting at his tax booth and said to him, “Follow me.” Matthew immediately got up and followed Jesus.

After that, Matthew invited Jesus to his house for a meal. Many other tax collectors and sinners also joined the gathering. This caused some of the religious leaders to criticize Jesus for associating with “sinners.” Jesus responded by saying, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

(i) It reminds us to embrace others without prejudice or judgement, extending grace and understanding
(ii) It offers hope that encountering Jesus can bring about transformation and new beginnings
(iii) It reminds us to extend grace and seek to understand the struggles of those around us, rather than condemning them


According to Matthew’s Gospel, On the morning of the third day after Jesus’ crucifixion, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to visit the tomb. Suddenly, there was a great earthquake as an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, rolled back the stone from the entrance of the tomb, and sat on it. The guards were terrified and became like dead men.

The angel spoke to the women, assuring them not to be afraid, for Jesus, who was crucified, had risen, just as He said. The angel invited them to see the empty tomb and instructed them to go quickly and tell the disciples that Jesus had risen from the dead. As the women were on their way to deliver the message, they encountered Jesus Himself. They worshiped Him, and Jesus instructed them to tell His disciples to meet Him in Galilee.

(i) Victory Over Death and Sin
(ii) Assurance of Salvation
(iii) Promise of New Life


In the book of Acts in the Bible, the council of Jerusalem was a significant gathering of early Christian leaders. The meeting took place to address a crucial issue that arose within the early church. Some Jewish believers were insisting that Gentile converts needed to follow Jewish customs and traditions, including circumcision, in order to be considered true followers of Christ.

During the meeting, the apostles and elders came together to discuss this matter. After much debate, Peter stood up and reminded everyone that God had already shown His acceptance of the Gentiles by giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He had done with the Jewish believers. Peter emphasized that salvation comes through faith in Jesus Christ, not through adherence to Jewish customs.

James, the brother of Jesus and a prominent leader in the early church, also spoke at the meeting. He proposed a resolution that Gentile believers should not be burdened with the requirements of the Jewish law, but should instead focus on abstaining from certain practices that were considered immoral.

The council ultimately agreed with James’ proposal, and a letter was sent to the Gentile believers, affirming their freedom from the Jewish law and encouraging them to live in a way that honored God and respected the sensitivities of the Jewish believers.

(i) Inclusivity
(ii) Wisdom and Discernment
(iii) Unity in Diversity


Jesus described Himself as:

(i) The Living Water: Jesus told the woman that He could give her living water, which would become in her a spring of water welling up to eternal life. This was a metaphorical way of expressing spiritual renewal and eternal life through faith in Him.

(ii) The Messiah (Christ): Jesus acknowledged to the Samaritan woman that He was the Messiah, the one whom the Samaritans and Jews were both expecting. This revelation demonstrated Jesus’ identity as the promised Savior.

(iii) The One Who Knows All About Her: Jesus revealed details about the woman’s personal life, indicating that He had a deep knowledge and understanding of her. This demonstrated Jesus’ divine insight and awareness.

(i) Embracing salvation.
(ii) Sharing the Good News
(iii) Quenching Spiritual thirst


Paul’s condemnation of idleness stems from several reasons. First, he wants to emphasize the importance of productive work as a means of providing for oneself and others. The early Christian community valued self-sufficiency and believed that everyone should contribute to the community’s well-being through their labor.

Second, Paul encourages Christians to lead disciplined lives, focused on fulfilling their responsibilities. He warns against becoming busybodies, interfering in other people’s affairs because of their idleness. Instead, he advises them to work quietly with their own hands, earning their own living, and not burdening others.

Third, Paul’s condemnation of idleness is rooted in his understanding of the Christian ethic of love and service. Engaging in productive work enables believers to show love and care for others by meeting their own needs and providing for those who are genuinely unable to do so themselves.

(i) Laziness goes against the biblical principle of stewardship and the idea that individuals should use their talents and resources responsibly.
(ii) Laziness hinders the fulfillment of God’s purpose because it neglects the opportunity to use one’s talents and abilities for the greater good and the advancement of God’s kingdom.
(iii) Laziness can disrupt the harmony of the community, create dependency, and hinder the community’s ability to fulfill its collective mission.


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